More than 14 million cats live in German households. However, the number of those cats who struggle for bare survival every day on farms, in landfills, on the street or in the neighborhood is significantly higher. Every day countless cats are entrusted to animal shelters, others are abandoned. Kittens are also very often given away or abandoned because no buyers can be found for them.
Usually this is the result of uncontrolled or reckless reproduction. Uncontrolled reproduction leads to the suffering of animals, which can only be prevented by spaying cats and males, a topic that interests all cat owners. Anyone who has neutered their cat is active Animal welfare!
Sterilization and neutering of cats: procedure and goal of the procedure
In a castration The gonads, which produce sex hormones, are surgically removed from cats and from a hangover: in the case of a hangover, the testicles, in the cat, the ovaries. The goal is to prevent the development of mature oocytes or spermatozoa in the first place: cat and cat become sterile.
Because sex hormones are no longer produced after castration, gender-specific behaviors usually no longer occur or occur less frequently. The specific consequences vary from cat to cat. The hangover procedure is a little easier than for a cat, but in both cases it must be done under general anesthesia.
- To the Male cat the scrotum is opened slightly with small incisions and the testicles are removed. The incision is usually so small that it will heal on its own.
- In cat the abdominal wall is opened to remove the ovaries and part or all of the uterus. The incision is then stitched and the threads are removed after about 10-14 days if needed.
Danger: Please don’t confuse neutering with spaying!
In a sterilization only the egg or spermatic ducts are cut. In male cats, however, the testicles would still be completely intact. This means that the males could no longer produce offspring, but they would still be active, so they would continue to mark, defend their territory, and look for a bride. It is the same with cats, which would continue to heat up. In a castration on the other hand, the testicles and ovaries are completely removed, thus preventing the influence of sex hormones.
Why you should sterilize the cat and the cat
Next to Aspect of animal welfare castration is also an important part of the Health care – and therefore relevant not only for outdoor cats, but also for indoor cats. Spaying and neutering cats has many benefits. Gone are the wild nights, endured the heat of the cat and the horrors of the return of a scarred cat. Here the file advantages sterilization of cats and cats at a glance:
- Cats no longer get heat: In severe cases, cats can become permanently in heat or even seemingly pregnant. This means enormous stress for the animal and its owner and can put a strain on the relationship between humans and cats. Castration of the cat puts an end to this.
- The willingness to fight a hangover decreases: After reaching sexual maturity, a hangover is always fertile and very ready to fight when it comes to winning over the lady of the heart. With castration, the willingness to fight decreases and the risk of injury is much less.
- The marking has an end: Hangovers mark their territory with highly concentrated urine. This is not only annoying and unhygienic, it also leads to a strong annoying odor. Castration of the male puts an end to this.
- The behavior of the territory changes: Cats and cats no longer roam that extensively and they don’t travel that far from home. They become more at home and turn more to their owner.
- The life expectancy of cats and a hangover is increasing: As both dominance behavior and territorial behavior decrease after spaying cats and cats, the risk of injury, traffic accidents, and dangerous infectious diseases such as FIV or FeLV is significantly lower. Studies have shown that neutered cats live on average around 10 years, while non-neutered cats only have an average life expectancy of five to six years.
What is the best time to neuter cats and kittens?
There is no general answer to when you should neuter your cat and male at the earliest. However, it is recommended that cats be spayed before they become sexually mature. This is never different by gender:
- Females: sexually mature from 5 to 9 months
- Males: sexually mature from 8 to 10 months
Also note the breed specific differences: Sacred Burma, Siamese and Abyssinians belong to premature babies and are sexually mature between 4 and 6 months. Long-haired breeds but also British Shorthairs are lagging behind and are content with sexual maturity up to one year Time. Even the The time of birth plays a role in sexual maturity: Autumn and winter kittens can become sexually mature as early as 3 to 4 months.
You should be the first time to spay your cat or kitty be sure to discuss this with your vet. Under no circumstances should an uncastrated cat or kitten be released into the wild! Please consider: one cat can give birth to several litters with several kittens per year. In just five years, a single cat can have up to 13,000 children – who will take care of these cats?
Spaying and neutering cats: costs
The Costs for the sterilization of cats and cats they are different depending on the sex. This is due to the fact that the castration of the female is much more complex than the castration of the male. In the stream Table of rates for veterinarians (GOT) of the Federal Chamber of Veterinary the cost of sterilizing cats and cats is given as follows:
- General examination with consultation: starting from € 8.98
- Injectable anesthesia: from € 19.24
- Castration of the cat: from € 57.72
- Male cat castration: from € 19.24
The prices indicated are intended plus sales tax 19 percent. Costs for drugs used and dispensed, materials used (e.g. threads) and post-treatment (e.g. pulling threads) can also be added.
Note: The prices listed in the veterinary tariff are only one Orientation for veterinarians. The cost of neutering cats and cats can vary depending on the veterinarian. Some vets charge one for spaying Price up to three times the indicated amounts! Neutering a cat can therefore cost more than € 170, for example.
Castration of cats and a hangover: myths of castration
Cat owners often have concerns about neutering because there are a lot of myths about neutering. What are these myths about?
Declaration: Neutered Cats Get Fat and Lazy!
After the sterilization of the cat and the cat there is one Weight gain is not uncommon. This is not due to castration itself, but because cats consume too few calories for the amount of food they eat. Neutered cats and cats are no longer so active and suddenly discover that they eat as a kind of pastime. However, you can avoid it if you follow the following tips:
- Feeding in a controlled way! The domestic tiger should be given an accurately measured amount of food each day. This is divided into several small portions, which are then administered throughout the day. This way the cat gets used to the crowd and does not develop cravings.
- Give treats only in moderation! Sweets are allowed from time to time, but these are deducted from the daily ration.
- Animate to play! The motto is distraction through movement. The domestic tiger burns a lot of calories by playing and best of all: the relationship between humans and cats becomes more intense.
Weight gain is often cited as a disadvantage of neutering and neutering cats. However, with proper nutrition and sufficient activity, you can very easily prevent fatigue. In this context, the advantages of castration clearly outweigh the disadvantages.
Declaration: A cat must go into heat / give birth at least once before it can be neutered!
This is still a common misconception. A Heat or a litter of kittens has no influence on the further development of a cat. On the contrary: heat is a huge hormonal load for the cat. In addition to this, childbirth also carries many risks for the cat mother and the kitten.
Declaration: House cats must not be neutered!
Anyone who has ever experienced how much unneutered male cat urine stinks or how stressful a permanent heat condition can be for cats and humans will quickly reverse this claim. Spaying has more advantages than disadvantages, and this for all cats.
Declaration: You should let the cat have fun / the cat should be able to experience motherhood!
For cats, breeding has no emotional component. It is purer for them To drivewhich asserts itself against any requirement. Food intake and sleep become secondary. The search for a ready-to-mate female is fraught with all sorts of dangers to male cats. The act itself is extremely painful for the cat. Romance or sexual pleasure? Anything! This is a purely human projection.
Hormonal contraception in cats and a hangover
The pill o a contraceptive syringe for the cat o a hormonal implant for a hangover: hormonal contraceptive methods are considered an alternative to surgery, but are included in long-term administration significant side effects connected. They are usually only useful for professional breeders who want to plan the breeding of their breeding cats at short notice.
Hormonal contraception in cats
The cat receives one a week preparation containing progestin in the form of a tablet given or received a progestogen injection every three to five months. In this way the heating can be switched off. Progestogens inhibit the production of the hormones FSH and LH in the brain. These hormones are generally essential for reproduction. Their deactivation prevents hormonal activity in the ovaries and uterus and the heat stops.
Such interventions in the cat’s hormonal balance are not without side effects: long-term administration can lead to diseases of the uterus and kidneys, breast cancer, diabetes mellitus or weight gain.
Hormonal contraception for a hangover
With a hangover you should hormone chip implanted for short-term infertility cure. The implant releases the active ingredient Deslorelin evenly over a period of six months to three years. This is similar to the body’s hormone GnRH, which normally triggers testosterone production in the testes. Released deslorelin signals to the body that there is enough GnRH available, after which activity in the testes decreases. So the body is fooled. As a result, the cat becomes unable to procreate as a neutered conspecific. As soon as the effect of the hormone chip wears off, fertility and sexual desire (with all the consequences) return.
Make sure you get detailed advice from your vet on spaying your cat!