Dark pads are usually pigment spots and are completely harmless. People have them too, in the form of birthmarks. As we age, we may have new cravings. It is a completely natural and not worrying process, but at best an aesthetic problem. The same goes for cats and their pigment spots.
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In cats they mainly appear on the nose, mouth, and occasionally on the paws or even the eyelids. These spots can also form on the gums, which is why some cat owners initially think their cat may have tooth decay. If your cat has a toothache, she will refuse to eat. If not, it is very likely that there are more pigment spots than cavities.
The spots can increase with age The reason why these spots form in some places is largely unknown. The cause is an excessive accumulation of the so-called melanin. This natural dye darkens the skin. Sunlight is believed to play a role in the development of melanins, in both humans and animals. Red and beige cats seem to be slightly more affected than other cats. They often have dark shoots on their noses or legs from birth, which can grow larger with age. Age-related spots are called freckles in medicine.
However, you need to worry if you can also feel the dark spots, that is, when they stand out from real skin. Then you should definitely get your cat checked by the vet, because theoretically cats can also get skin cancer! Melanomas are the dark spots of the skin in cancer. Contrary to harmless pigment spots, beige and red cats are rarely affected. Skin cancer is less common in light cats. It usually affects rather dark animals.